There has been a number of changes regarding deductions and credits for college expenses over the past several years. As we approach year end, we thought it would be a good idea to run through these benefits and how they might effect you this year and next.
Here are some of the educational benefits available to you , your spouse or dependent that claim on your return for college expenses.
American Opportunity Credit
This credit, originally created under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, has been extended for an additional two years – 2011 and 2012. The credit can be up to $2,500 per eligible student and is available for the first four years of post- secondary education. Forty percent of this credit is refundable, which means that you may be able to receive up to $1,000, even if you owe no taxes. Qualified expenses include tuition and fees, course related books, supplies and equipment. The full credit is generally available to eligible taxpayers whose modified adjusted gross income is below $80,000 ($160,000 for married couples filing a joint return).
Lifetime Learning Credit
In 2011, you may be able to claim a Lifetime Learning Credit of up to $2,000 for qualified education expenses paid for a student enrolled in eligible educational institutions. There is no limit on the number of years for which you can claim the Lifetime Learning Credit for an eligible student; but to claim the credit, your modified adjusted gross income must be below $60,000 ($120,000 if married filing jointly). There is no refundable portion of this credit.
Tuition and Fees Deduction
This deduction can reduce the amount of your income subject to tax by up to $4,000 for 2011 even if you do not itemize your deductions. Generally, you can claim the tuition and fees deduction for qualified higher education expenses for an eligible student if your modified adjusted gross income is below $80,000 ($160,000 if married filing jointly).
Student Loan Interest Deduction
Generally, personal interest you pay, other than certain mortgage interest, is not deductible. However, if your modified adjusted gross income is less than $75,000 ($150,000 if filing a joint return), you may be able to deduct interest paid on a student loan used for higher education during the year. It can reduce the amount of your income subject to tax by up to $2,500, even if you don’t itemize deductions.
For each student, you can choose to claim only one of the credits in a single tax year. However, if you pay college expenses for two or more students in the same year, you can choose to take credits on a per-student, per-year basis. However, you cannot claim the tuition and fees deduction for the same student in the same year that you claim the American Opportunity Credit or the Lifetime Learning Credit.
If you have any questions about college expense benefits or need any additional information, please do not hesitate to contact us.